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Qosim Sheikh

2019-12-18 16:20| 发布者: IICC| 查看: 125| 评论: 0

摘要: Qosim SheikhNavoi Region Karmana District36

Qosim Sheikh

 

Navoi Region, Karmana District

36,3 ha

40o15'N; 65o20' E

Name of individual Silk Roads component property: Qosim Sheikh
Brief description of the component property:
The complex consists of three different time's courtyards. Dahma (mausoleum) stays in front of the building of ziyorathona (pilgrim room) type of a mosque-namazgoh place, with three dome buildings and three-dome gallery on the facade. In 80th years of the XVI century from the rear to the west of ziyorathona according to the order Abdullakhan II have attached monumental khonaqo, one of outstanding products of the architecture of Central Asia. There are two more courtyards to the south and west of the khonaqo. The western courtyard is similar to the ancient ?khazira?, with the mosque-ayvan. The southern courtyard closes the area between all previous structures beside khudjras and fencing. The general sizes of a complex 92х87 m. The most valuable in the complex is khonaqo of Qosim-sheikh. Its composition as a whole is central. The center of the square building occupies cruciform hall, overlapped by the double dome on the extraordinary high drum. The middle of facades is cut by deep portal niches. The southern portal is marked out as main by the raised size. Designs of overlapping khonaqo are unique: four crossed arches and eight-thyroid pendentives form 12-faced basis of the double dome between them.
Statement of authenticity and/or integrity of the individual component property
The architectural complex is preserved in primeval condition. Restoration works regarding engineering strengthening are realized out on the complex, the dome is partly reveted, the lost parts of the bricklaying of walls are restored, realized out improving works. The monument is located on the route of the Great Silk Road, in the territory of the medieval Karmana (Berkuttepa).

Comparison of the Silk Roads component property: why selected against SoOUV (including explanation of why other similar sites not selected).
In the territory of Uzbekistan similar complexes were preserved in Bukhara Region (Bohoutdin Nakshbandiy, Chor-Bakr), in Samarkand Region (Khodja Akhror Vali) in Khiva (Pahlavon Makhmud). The history of their construction is followed also in the south of Uzbekistan in the ensemble of Sulton-Saodat in Termiz, which is dated in the XII century
Architectural complex of Kasim Sheikh with regard to its value represents a universal significance and is the evidence of historical events, connected to the peace-making activity of well-known religious figure and preacher Kasim Sheikh, who made an impact on the political life of Maverannakh in the XVI century. In terms of architectural composition the complex completely reflects original and unique architectural ideas and methods applied in construction of khanqahs - hospices, located along active caravan and trade routes.
In the XVI century the complex, in terms of planning, develops this kind of constructions, ideas, which were established (developed) back in the XI century, parallel to the development of Sufism in Islam.


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