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马利克_拉巴特驿站Rabati Malik Caravanserai

2017-11-20 11:16| 发布者: IICC| 查看: 183| 评论: 0

摘要: 乌兹别克斯坦公元11世纪至公元16世纪该商队驿站是中亚地区同类型建筑最大的之一,继承了该类建筑的古老传统。
乌兹别克斯坦
公元11世纪至公元16世纪
该商队驿站是中亚地区同类型建筑最大的之一,继承了该类建筑的古老传统。

Description

Rabati Malik Caravanserai is constructed according to the order of Karakhanid Shams-al-Mulk Nasr, son of Tamgachkhan Ibragim ruled in Samarkand from 1068 until 1080.

Only its portal has reached until now from the old huge caravanserai on the surface of the ground. The portal of caravanserai - one of the most ancient place in the territory of the Central Asia portals - peshtak with the central lancet arch of niche in which there is a rectangular doorway. The arch is concluded in the П-shaped frame executed from the carved terracotta in the form of eight-final stars connected with each other, limited by intertwining tapes. Ring is decorated by the Arabian inscription. On overhanging walls, under the layers of repair plaster the rests of ancient ganched plasters with figure of vegetative character are traced.

The portal, as well as all caravanserais has been laid out from adobe brick with the subsequent facing backed bricks in size of 25х25х4 cm on the ganched solution.

Due to archeological excavations in the territory of caravanserai is partially installed the initial plan of the building. The average height of the kept walls shakes from 0,4 up to 0,7 m. The caravanserai occupies - 8277 sq.m.

Statements of authenticity and/or integrity

Archeologists have carefully investigated the caravanserai; rests of planning structures were discovered. The II-shaped massif portal partially restored, and in the majority, completely kept volume is conserved. The caravanserai has preserved its antiquity and integrity and in such form has reached our time.

Comparison with other similar properties

The caravanserai is one of the largest constructions of similar type in the territory of Central Asia and has successive relations with old traditions of constructions. In particular, an architectural decor from the carved and coupled bricks present in the sources of building techniques on the ensemble of Sulton-Saodat in Termiz city, mausoleum Samanids and Namazgoh in Bukhara. Separate analogues can be seen on the architectural monuments of Karahanids' capital in Uzgen city. The caravanserai is located on the route of the Great Silk Road.



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