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邦吉卡特古城Ancient town Bunjikat

2019-12-17 21:48| 发布者: IICC| 查看: 47| 评论: 0

摘要: 2. Name of individual Silk Roads component part: Ancient Town BunjikatBrief description of the object-component:Bunjikat City (remains of the ancient town Kalai Kahkaha I, II, III), the capital of Ustrushana existed in the VII - X cc. AD. It consisted of

2. Name of individual Silk Roads component part: Ancient Town Bunjikat 

Brief description of the object-component:

Bunjikat City (remains of the ancient town Kalai Kahkaha I, II, III), the capital of Ustrushana existed in the VII - X cc. AD. It consisted of an arch, shakhristan, rabad. The palace with an area of 38 x 47 m included a stateroom with a throne sunroom (17, 65 x 11, 77 m), a small reception room (9, 65 x 9, 50 m), a temple, armory, a residential tower donjon, residential, utility rooms, whole system of connections with corridors. The arch with palace of the ruler was additionally strengthened with corner towers and gates. The walls of the palace were covered with multicolored paintings (scenes of household, battles, etc.). The wooden architectural details of interior were decorated with carvings (geometric, floral ornaments, subject compositions, depicting people, animals, birds, etc.). The eastern half of shakhristan was a system of urban development (religious, craft-shopping, residential centers), and the western part was a military-defense complex. They are surrounded by strong walls with high towers, two gates, the northern as the main entrance and the western. The rabad included trade and craft centers. A necropolis was situated not far from the city.

Statement of authenticity and/or integrity of the individual component property

The studies were conducted from 1955 to 1962, and from 1965 to 1972.
The site is considered as the cultural heritage of national importance. The local government authorities are responsible for the protection of the site. The total area of the site is 20 hectares.

Comparison of the Silk Roads component property: why selected against SoOUV (including explanation of why other similar sites not selected

The formation of the early feudal city proceeded in the mainstream development of Central Asian urban planning and architecture. The individual features of the ancient town building art appeared in the proportions and the relative position of city parts and used the surrounding natural landscape for urban development, monumentality, as for the group of unique individual buildings.
The palace stands with the lack of a vault cover; the roof is mainly in arch. The residential development of Bunjikat consisted of one-storied houses, while the majority of the urban body of Bunjikat was two-storied houses.


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