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Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum

2019-12-18 16:19| 发布者: IICC| 查看: 79| 评论: 0

摘要: Mir-Sayid Bakhrom MausoleumNavoi

Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum

Navoi Region

 

36o53' N; 67o15' E

Name of individual Silk Roads component property: Mir-Sayid Bakhrom mausoleum
Brief description of the component property:
Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum represents central (with central axle system) construction. The sizes of the external walls consist of 6,06х6,1m in the plan. In the interior 4,47х4,4 m. Mausoleum is laid out from backed brick. The main facade issued in the form of the portal. On an axis is located the superficial arch niche in 2,13 cm width with the rectangular doorway and arch window above them. From the external part, the arch frames with large inscription with significant losses. The facade flanked cut columns also is designed by the II-shaped frame in the form of the repeating geometrical figure with verge "plait". The dome is based upon on the octahedron in the interior. The interior of the mausoleum in an original form has been entirely decorated by the groove on the ganch. The original gravestone deserves special attention in the mausoleum, which originally has been made by wood, and in the consequence, large plates from the black stone covered it.
Statement of authenticity and/or integrity of the individual component property
Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum in its architectural, constructive, volumetric-spatial form is one of the most interesting monuments of architecture that reflects one of the parts of the development of architecture of Central Asia in general and memorial constructions in particular. Insignificant preservation works were carried out in the monument. Until now, it was almost entirely preserved. Once built ayvan was not preserved. The rests of marble bases of columns are preserved.
Comparison of the Silk Roads component property: why selected against SoOUV (including explanation of why other similar sites not selected).
Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum has features similar to the mausoleum of Samanids in Bukhara, Arab-Ata in Samarkand Region and mausoleum of Oq Ostona Bobo in Surkhandarya Region and deserves its including to the number of outstanding monuments of the world architecture, located on the way of the Great Silk Road.
Although small in size, in the mausoleum (end of the X century) new ideas of architectural construction and designing of such kind constructions developed, which subsequently determined further direction of architecture as applied in mausoleums of Central Asia.


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