39o35'N; 66o45' E
Name of individual Silk Roads component property: Sheiyh Mukhtor Vali
Brief description of the component property:
The complex of "Sheikh Mukhtor-Vali? located in Ostana settlement of Khiva Region in the territory of the extensive cemetery, which have formed around of the honored mausoleum. Legends represent the Sheikh Mukhtor-Vali as the founder of settlement Ostana, contemporary of well-known poet and wrestler Pakhlavon Makhmud in Khiva. The detailed architecturally archeological researches confirm the date of the construction of the complex - the beginning of the XIV century. In the complex dissymmetric, space-planning composition of the mausoleum is marked out with the large sizes - hall of the big mosque, behind it - small mosque. The complex of the mausoleum of Sheikh Mukhtor-Vali is perceived as an entire ensemble. A variety is reached due to combination of the original arch vaulted and dome ceilings, logically developing planning configuration of the premises. The hall of the mosque predominates. The dome ceiling of the small mosque is laconic: an octahedral circle of arch pendentives, minimal by the height and angular pendentives are presented original stalactite filling. The dome completed with the octahedral light lantern.
Statement of authenticity and/or integrity of the individual component property
Complex of Sheikh Mukhtor-Vali, constructed at the end of XIII - the beginning of XIV centuries one of the first monuments of the period of revival of local architecture after the Mongolian invasion. Its architecture rather than on provincialism reflects critically best selection that has been created during great Khorezmshahs in the field of building techniques. Limitation constructive and architecturally shaped has found the natural, perfect construction in this monument. In the complex have found the reflection the further development of an architectural idea after the deep crisis connected with the Mongolian conquer of Region, preservation and multiplied traditions of the Khorezm School of architecture after 300-years of ruin and decline.
Comparison of the Silk Roads component property: why selected against SoOUV (including explanation of why other similar sites not selected).
This property was built at Great Silk Road coming to the Khorezm from desert. Second Name of this property is Ostona. It means threshold of the city. After hundred kilometres this property will be meat as oasis.