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希萨尔城堡Hissar Castle

2019-12-17 21:52| 发布者: IICC| 查看: 50| 评论: 0

摘要: 3. Name of individual Silk Roads component part: Hissar CastleBrief description of the object-component:Hissar Castle functioned from XIV to early XX cc. According to the written sources, Timur's arsenal located in Hissar and there was the residence of on

3. Name of individual Silk Roads component part: Hissar Castle

Brief description of the object-component:

Hissar Castle functioned from XIV to early XX cc. According to the written sources, Timur's arsenal located in Hissar and there was the residence of one of the powerful Turkic-Mongol princes. In a later period of the there was the palace of Hissar bek. The Castle consists of four parts: arch-citadels (4250 m2), with the input of Darvoza-Khon, Shuturkhona-"Camel's house" (12 ha), Askar-Khona "Military barracks" (6,5 ha). The total area of the castle at the foot of the outer perimeter walls is 15 ha. Each part has been circled in a single defensive wall or had additional facilities such as towers. The height of the arch is 80 m. Gate Arch located in the southern facade of the castle, was erected in XVIII c. in place of destroyed gates in XIV - XVII cc. The remains were found near the new gates. The input structure is a high portal structure with a width of 4,5 m and height of 16 m, by round towers flanked in both sides. The top of the tower neck was completed with cupolas equipped with loopholes and there was a guardhouse at its bottom.

Statement of authenticity and/or integrity of the individual component property

The site is considered as a cultural heritage of national importance. The staff of Hissar historical and cultural conservancy (established in 14/04/1979) is responsible for the protection of the site. The total area of the site is 20 hectares.

Comparison of the Silk Roads component property: why selected against SoOUV (including explanation of why other similar sites not selected

The close analogue of Hissar Castle are many Central Asian arks with gateways in Bukhara, Merv, Khujand, and etc.
There are some certain differences in the architectural composition of the entrance gates, including their cylindrical towers, which significantly protrude from the plane of the walls so that looks attached in massive high wall with the entrance arch. They involve a small part of the wall - at least ¼ of its perimeter 


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