5. Name of individual Silk Roads component part: Takhti Sangin
Brief description of the object-component:
The ancient town Takhti Sangin consists of a fortified ark (165 x 235 m) and the adjacent from north and south parts in 500 m. In the western half of the central part is situated the building - "Oxus Temple". There is "White Room" (12 x 12 m), which is covered by two internal and external corridor rows from the south, west and north parts. It was built from 111 BC to III-IV AC. There was a portico in front of it. The local types of Hellenistic chancels were installed in these facilities. The remains of houses were found in the southern part of the ark, and two necropolises were in the northern part. The special attention should be given to the space, which was called "ateshtakhi" - the repository of eternal fire. More than 8 000 dedicatory gifts, weapons, works of art in bronze, ivory, gold and silver coins dating from IV c. BC to III c. AD were found in botross and favisses of the temple vaults.
Statement of authenticity and/or integrity of the individual component property
The studies of the site have been conducted from 1976 (with changes). The site is considered as a cultural heritage site of national importance. The frontier post of National Security Committee and the local government authorities are responsible for the protection of the site. The total area of the site is 5 hectares.
Comparison of the Silk Roads component property: why selected against SoOUV (including explanation of why other similar sites not selected
It is necessary to characterize Oxus Temple by comparing it with fire temples of Susa, Kuhi-Khwaja and Persepolis in architectural and archaeological context. Moreover it is typologically closest with other churches with a statue of the deity (Ai-Khanum, Dilberjin) by its architectural composition and operating time.
There are some differences, too. So, two found ateshtakhis at Takhti-Sangin clearly indicate the fire cult and the cult of the king's fire, when as the modern Zoroastrians always have one main fire altar in their temples.
So far, no discovery is known which interface with things and coins of Oxus Treasure.